Key tax dates and deadlines for 2018/19
It is an inevitable reality that, for anyone earning a livin...
By Jonathan London on 13th March 2015
Money left over in your business bank account after paying your contractor salary, dividends, VAT, corporation tax, PAYE and employer national insurance contributions is known as your cash surplus.
This is your money so you are free to spend, save or invest it as you please. Each option however, has its own specific tax implications.
The main benefit of investing surplus cash through your limited company is that, by not paying the money into your personal account, you avoid the personal tax and national insurance liabilities. You also avoid the risk of incurring capital gains tax (CGT), which applies when a personally held asset appreciates in value by £11,000 or more (between 6 April 2014 and 5 April 2015).
Instead, your company will pay corporation tax on any profit realised through the sale of an asset. Depending on your personal tax code and the investment you make, this could be preferable to paying income tax on the money in the first place – then paying again in the form of CGT.
Another advantage of investing through your company is that any losses you incur can be offset against profits made elsewhere in the business.
However, if your business invests in non property assets and they prove highly lucrative, HMRC will consider the company a Close Investment Company (CIC). If this happens your corporation tax rate will rise significantly.
Dividends are the most tax efficient way of paying yourself money from your limited company, but there are still limits as to what you can withdraw before you start paying Dividend Tax.
Also, there are investment opportunities available to you as an individual that are not open to companies. Examples of these are Individual Savings Accounts (ISAs) and personal pension plans. With the government keen for all of to do as much as we can to prepare for our retirements, tax relief on these financial products make a compelling case for investing your cash surplus.
You can, of course, leave the money in the bank as a reserve for a rainy day. It will only be taxed once, so you’ve nothing to fear from HMRC in subsequent tax returns. With current interest rates being very low, however, this is not an investment opportunity.
Investing cash surpluses is a highly individual decision. What’s best for you will depend on the amount you have to invest, your personal tax status, investment opportunities available to you and your appetite for risk.
Take a look at our recent blogs below.
It is the time of year again when HMRC are sending out Self-Assessment Statements. These show all pe...
Published: 6th July 2018
To stay on the right side of HMRC’s expenses and benefits legislation, P11Ds need to filed by 6th ...
Published: 3rd July 2018
HMRC are dogged in their efforts to recoup unpaid tax through schemes that they view as tax avoidanc...
Published: 29th May 2018
GDPR – the General Data Protection Regulation, comes into effect on 25th May and is the bigges...
Published: 24th May 2018
As a business owner, your time is way too precious to spend hours dealing with HMRC or Companies Hou...
Published: 14th May 2018
“Never do tomorrow what you can do today. Procrastination is the thief of time” Charles Dicken...
Published: 11th May 2018
Congratulations! The very fact you clicked this far shows you are considering employing staff, and t...
Published: 17th April 2018
It is out with the old and in with the new when it comes to tax relief on childcare costs from April...
Published: 9th April 2018
The Boox accounting app has always been at the forefront of helping our clients understand their com...
Published: 26th March 2018
Spring has officially sprung and the start of the 2018/19 tax year is just around the corner –...
Published: 23rd March 2018
If your business is employing staff, you should already have a workplace pension in place, under the...
Published: 23rd March 2018
If you need a little help to find the right accountancy service, don’t worry.
Thousands of contractors, freelancers and locums turn to Boox for help and advice with their limited company accounting. They love our personal service and app.
Specialist accounting for sole traders and the self employed, Boox combines easy online tools with expert support to take away the stress of handling your accounts.
Our combination of market-leading accounting software and expert personal advice gives you greater financial control and more time to grow your business.